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The History of Rome

The exact origins of the city of Rome are still somewhat of a mystery. There are several theories all based on the writings of ancient authors and the archaeological discoveries.  

For this reason, the founding of Rome is based mainly on legend and myth, instead of solid facts and figures. The existence of a Roman Kingdom was even questioned during practically two centuries by expert historians.  

During the nineteenth and twentieth century, they dismissed the idea of the early kings of Rome (Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius) as well as the date of the founding of what would later become the capital of Italy, in 753 BC. This part of history was merely considered a legend and not taken seriously.

It was only during the late twentieth century when, thanks to the findings of numerous archeological digs and other sciences, that the myths surrounding the establishment of the city and its first rulers were reconsidered.

It is believed that the first inhabitants of Rome came from various parts of the region, and had neither the economic nor the cultural development of their northern neighbors, the Estrucans, nor the southern civilization called the Sabines and Latins.

In the Palatine Hill archeologists found the remains of a primitive settlement from the eighth century BC, with burials on the outskirts of the village. It is thought that as the population grew, the inhabitants settled on the slopes of the nearby hills, and during the next century they established themselves in the valley.

The history of Rome in different stages

  • Leyenda de Rómulo y Remo The twin brothers, Romulus and Remus, were abandoned on the Tiber River, were found and nurtured by a she-wolf and then looked after by a shepherd and his wife. The twins proved natural leaders and founded the city of Rome on the Palatine Hill.
  • La Monarquía en Roma The monarchical period begins with the establishment of the city in 753 BC until it is overthrown in 509 BC. It is believed that the first king if Rome was Romulus.
  • La República en Roma The Roman Republic was the period after the overthrow of the last king of Rome in 509 BC and ended in 27 BC. During these years Julius Caesar assumed the control of government in 59 BC and was proclaimed dictator for life.
  • Imperio Romano The Roman Empire is the most interesting period of Rome’s history. During these 1400 years the empire of Roman grew dramatically and prospered.
  • El Papado en Roma When the capital of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople (what is now Istanbul), the pope and the Catholic church’s power and authority increased and Rome fell under the control of the Papacy.
  • Roma como capital de Italia The capital was transferred from Florence to Rome in 1871 and the Vatican state was created in 1929. Rome is currently the third most visited city in Europe and the 14th worldwide.

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