Churches of Rome

Italy is home to some of the most striking and unique churches worldwide, and Rome, as centre of the Holy See, is replete with stunning temples which are definitely worth visiting. In addition to St. Peter's Basilica, in the Vatican City, the following are the most renowned parishes of Rome:

Major basilicas

In Rome are located the four highest-ranking Catholic churches in the world, called the major basilicas in the world. All of them have a high altar, where only the Pope can celebrate mass.

In addition to St. Peter's Basilica, the following three basilicas enjoy the same distinction:

Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls

Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls

Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls is one of the four major basilicas of Rome, the second largest after St. Peter’s Basilica. Find out its most important attractions.
Basilica of St. John Lateran

Basilica of St. John Lateran

The Lateran Palace was handed over by Constantine I to the Bishop of Rome, who converted the building into a temple during the fourth century. The Basilica is the oldest church in Europe.
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore

Santa Maria Maggiore (Basilica of Saint Mary Major) is one of the four major basilicas of Rome and is the city’s largest temples dedicated to the Virgin Mary.

Minor basilicas and other must-see churches

Basilica di San Clemente

Basilica di San Clemente

Basilica of Saint Clement is an early Christian church, which has been reconstructed in various periods, dedicated to Pope Clement I.
Santa María in Cosmedin

Santa María in Cosmedin

The Basilica of Santa Maria in Cosmedin is a medieval church that houses the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth), which is located at its gate.
Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere

Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere

The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere still retains its medieval character despite the changes made over the years. It was founded in the third century.

Other interesting churches

Basilica di San Pietro in Vincoli

Basilica di San Pietro in Vincoli

Basilica di San Pietro in Vincoli (Saint Peter in Chains) was built during the fifth century to house the relics of Saint Peter’s chains when he was imprisoned in Jerusalem.

Church of the Gesù

Church of the Gesù

Erected between 1568 and 1584, Il Gesù was the first Jesuit church built in Rome. It is one of the best examples of Baroque architecture.

Santa Maria in Aracoeli

Santa Maria in Aracoeli

Basilica of St. Mary of the Altar of Heaven is situated very near the Altare della Patria and is one of the most popular churches among the locals.

Santa Maria della Vittoria

Santa Maria della Vittoria

Santa Maria della Vittoria is a church built during the seventeenth century after the victory of the Emperor Ferdinand II at the battle of White Mountain
Santa Maria del Popolo

Santa Maria del Popolo

According to a legend, the site where the church Santa Maria del Popolo currently stands was haunted by Nero’s ghost. It contains works by Pinturicchio, Raphael, Caravaggio and Bernini.