Churches of Rome
Italy is home to some of the most striking and unique churches worldwide, and Rome, as centre of the Holy See, is replete with stunning temples which are definitely worth visiting. In addition to St. Peter's Basilica, in the Vatican City, these are the most renowned parishes of Rome:
In Rome are located the four highest-ranking Catholic churches in the world, called the major basilicas in the world. All of them have a high altar, where only the Pope can celebrate mass.
In addition to St. Peter's Basilica, the following three basilicas enjoy the same distinction:
- One of the four major basilicas of Rome, the Basilica was erected on the burial site of St Paul and is the second largest after St. Peter’s.
- Known in Italian as Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterno, St John Lateran was founded during the fourth century in honour of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist. It is the most important of the four major basilicas of Rome and the Cathedral of Rome.
- Santa Maria Maggiore is the largest church in Rome dedicated to the Virgin Mary and was founded during the fourth century.
Minor basilicas and other must-see churches
- During the fourth century, the Basilica di San Clemente was erected on the mansion of Emperor Titus Flavius Clemens, and reconstructed during the Middle Ages. This minor basilica is dedicated to Pope Clement I.
- Also known in English as Our Lady of the Conception, it was built between 1626 and 1631, commissioned by Pope Urban VIII. It is famous for its crypt, containing the remains of thousands of friars.
- The Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin is a minor basilica built during the Middle Ages. It houses the renowned Bocca della Verità (The House of Truth).
- Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere was founded during the third century. This minor Basilica still maintains its medieval character despite the numerous reconstructions suffered during the centuries.